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Exams

CLAT PATTERN & SYLLABUS

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a national level entrance exam for admissions to undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) law programmes offered by 22 National Law Universities around the country. National Law Universities belongs to the kitty of the best Law Schools in country for 5 year integrated Law course (BA-LLB, BBA-LLB, Bcom-LLB etc.) just after class 12. CLAT is held by the Consortium of National Law Universities which is a body that constitutes all the NLUs.

CLAT would focus mainly on evaluating the comprehension and reasoning abilities of law aspirants. All in all, the exam will judge the students on their aptitude and skills that are necessary for any lawyer. Further, the exam is not based on prior knowledge; though prior knowledge may find usefulness in the Current Affairs section

Pattern of Exam

  • 120 MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions)
  • Time: 2 hours
  • One mark for each correct answer
  • There is negative marking of 0.25 for each wrong answer.
  • Offline Exam (taken on an OMR sheet)
  • Medium of Exam: ENGLISH
  • 5 Sections (English Language, Current Affairs including General Knowledge, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, Quantitative Techniques)
Subjects / Sections Weightage
English Language 22-26 questions, or roughly 20% of the paper
Current Affairs including General Knowledge 28-32 questions, or roughly 25% of the paper
Legal Reasoning 28-32 questions, or roughly 25% of the paper
Logical Reasoning 22-26 questions, or roughly 20% of the paper
Quantitative Techniques 10-14 questions, or roughly 10% of the paper

Syllabus:

English Language:

In this section, the students will encounter passages of about 450 words each. These passages will cover a multitude of topics varying from historical fiction and non-fiction to science, business, social sciences etc. The difficulty level will be such that a 12th standard student may easily read in 5-7 minutes. Each passage will carry with it a number of questions that will be based on understanding of the text and language skills. Apart from comprehension, these questions will demand thorough reading and understanding of the main ideas discussed in the passage and any claim and/or opinion discussed in the passage. The questions will demand you to draw inferences and conclusions from the passage, summaries the text, compare and contrast the different arguments or ideas presented in the passage; identify the meaning of various words and phrases used in the passage.

Current Affairs Including General Knowledge:

This section will offer passages of about 450 words each. The passages will be extracted from news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writing. The questions may test you on knowledge presented in or related to the passage, but would not require any prior knowledge of the law beyond the passage. Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will be based on your awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, including contemporary events of significance from India and the world, arts and culture, international affairs, and historical events of continuing significance.

Legal Reasoning:

This section will contain passages of around 450 words each. These passages may relate to factual situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. The important point here is, you will not require any prior knowledge of law. General awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues will prove to be an advantage to better apply general principles or propositions to the given factual scenarios. You are expected to answer the questions that will be based on interferences drawn from the rules and principles given in the passage, apply such rules and principles to various fact situations and understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations

Logical Reasoning:

This section will include a series of short passages of about 300 words each. Each passage will be followed by one or more questions that will be based on concepts like identifying an argument, its premises and conclusions; critically analyzing the reasoning, and figuring out how conclusions may be derived from particular premises or evidence; drawing inferences from the passage; identifying relationships and analogies, contradictions and equivalence, and assessing the effectiveness/validity of arguments.

Quantitative Techniques:

This section will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions. You will be required to derive information from these graphs, or other representations, and apply mathematical operations on such information. The questions will be based on understanding numerical information given in such passages, graphs, or other representations; and applying various 10th standard mathematical operations (ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration etc.) You should work on developing your reading abilities and comprehending text from diverse sources. Make sure that you stay updated with the news and current affairs, read quality newspapers and periodicals, and improve your speed and accuracy while answering questions on quantitative techniques. You can refer to the study material of 10th standard mathematics textbooks.

CLAT Eligibility

There is no upper age limit for UG Programme in CLAT.

As regards minimum percentage of marks in the qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2 or equivalent examination) , the candidates must have secured:

Scored Forty five percent (45%) marks in case of candidates belonging to Unreserved/OBC/Specially Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories, and Scored Forty Percent (40%) marks in case of candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST) categories.

Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying examination in March/April are also eligible to appear in CLAT examination. However, they shall be required to produce an evidence of their passing the qualifying examination at the time of admission, failing which they shall lose their right ­to be considered for admission.

CLAT Application Process

In order to register for the CLAT Exam, you need to follow the given steps:

  • Online registration
  • Filling of the application form
  • Uploading of documents
  • Application fee payment

Candidates seeking admission to undergraduate law courses offered by the participating NLUs can fill the application form of CLAT from July on the official CLAT website (consortiumofnlus.ac.in). The last date to fill the CLAT application form is usually in mid November.

Participating National Law University CLAT
S.No. National Law University Location
1 National Law School of India University (NLSIU) Bangalore
2 National Academy of Legal Study and Research University of Law (NALSAR) Hyderabad
3 The National Law Institute University (NLIU) Bhopal
4 The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (WBNUJS) Kolkata
5 National Law University (NLUJ) Jodhpur
6 Hidayatullah National Law University (HNLU) Raipur
7 Gujarat National Law University (GNLU) Gandhinagar
8 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University (RMLNLU) Lucknow
9 Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law (RGNUL Patiala
10 Chankaya National Law University (CNLU) Patna
11 The National University of Advanced Legal Studies (NUALS) Kochi
12 National Law University Odisha (NLUO) Cuttack
13 National University of Study and Research in Law (NUSRL) Ranchi
14 National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam (NLUJAA) Guwahati
15 Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University (DSNLU) Vishakhapatnam
16 Tamil Nadu National Law School (TNNLS) Tiruchirappalli
17 Maharashtra National Law University (MNLU) Mumbai
18 Maharashtra National Law University (MNLU) Nagpur
19 Maharashtra National Law University (MNLU) Aurangabad
20 H.P. National Law University Shimla
21 Dharmashastra National Law University Jabalpur
22 Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Law University Rai, Sonipat
23 Gujarat National Law University(GNLU) Silvassa

Download Latest NLU information Brochures from here: https://consortiumofnlus.ac.in/clat-2024/participating_universities.html

Application Fee and General Instructions for CLAT: https://consortiumofnlus.ac.in/clat-2024/ug-instructions.html

AILET PATTERN & SYLLABUS

All India Law Entrance Test (AILET) is the most important law exam after CLAT. It is the entrance exam for National Law University, Delhi. It was established in 2008 and is a premier law university in the country. Law aspirants have to work really hard and have to put in extra efforts to crack this exam since this exam is a bit more difficult than CLAT. 

Pattern of Exam

  • 150 MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions)
  • Time: 120 minutes
  • One mark for each correct answer
  • There is negative marking of 0.25 for each wrong answer.
  • Offline Exam (Paper Based Exam)
  • Medium of Exam—English
  • 3 Sections (English Language, Current Affairs & General Knowledge, Logical Reasoning)
Subjects / Sections No. of Questions
English Language

50

Current Affairs & General Knowledge 30
Logical Reasoning 70

Syllabus

The syllabus of AILET is on the same lines as that of CLAT. The important topics of each subject are as follows.

English Language

Reading Comprehension, Grammar, Foreign Words/Phrase, Para-jumbles, Vocabulary, Spellings, Inference-based questions, Synonyms, Antonyms, Word Usage, and Fill in the blanks. The level of difficulty is medium and it should be a high scoring section.

Current Affairs & General Knowledge

The questions asked in the GK section are from two domains i.e. Static GK and current GK. Static GK questions are questions from History, Geography, Civics, etc. while Current GK covers major events in news for the past 1 year. Major topics are International events, UN bodies’ Major developments in the areas of sports, geopolitics and important environmental agreements, eminent personalities, sports, awards and honours.

Logical Reasoning

The Logical reasoning section has a fair mix of Puzzles, Directions, Seating Arrangements, Blood Relations, Syllogisms, Series, Analogy etc. The Paper also has a few questions of Critical Reasoning. This section is fairly simple and should boost the marks of reasonably well prepared students. Legal principles may be used in the logical reasoning section to test logical aptitude but the examination will not require any kind of legal knowledge or technical understanding.

AILET Eligibility

All candidates, other than those applying under the Foreign Nationals category, should appear for the All India Law Entrance Test (AILET) and selection shall be solely on that basis.

 In order to appear for the AILET, candidates should have passed the 10+2 examination and scored a minimum of 50%. However, candidates appearing for 10+2 examinations in the year of the AILET can also apply provided they meet the above eligibility at the time of admission.

For more details kindly visit :http://www.nludelhi.ac.in/

SLAT PATTERN & SYLLABUS

SLAT (Symbiosis Law Admission Test) is the entrance exam for UG Programs of Symbiosis. SLAT is there for getting entry in the 5-year integrated law course at Symbiosis Law School at Pune, Noida and Hyderabad Campuses. SLAT is relatively easy compared to CLAT and AILET. If a student has prepared well for CLAT, SLAT should be piece of cake for him/her.
SLAT is the first stage of the selection process and students who clear the cut-off as decided by the SLAT secretariat will move to the next and final stage of the selection process-Writing Ability Test and Personal Interview (WAT/PI).

Pattern of Exam

  • 60 MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions)
  • TIME: 60 minutes
  • One mark for each correct answer
  • There is no negative marking
  • Online Exam (Computer Based Exam)
  • Medium of Exam: English
  • 5 Sections (Reading, General Knowledge, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, and Analytical Reasoning)
Subjects / Sections No. of Questions
Reading 12
General Knowledge 12
Legal Reasoning 12
Logical Reasoning 12
Analytical Reasoning/Quantitative Aptitude 12

Syllabus

The syllabus of SLAT is same as that of AILET and CLAT. The only difference is that no direct Mathematics questions are there and the level of difficulty is easy for all the sections.

SLAT Eligibility

The candidate should have passed XII (10+2) examination from any recognized Board with a minimum of 45% marks (40% for S.C. /S.T. candidates).

Students who have appeared for their Standard XII final examination and are awaiting results are also eligible to apply, subject to submission of passing certificate at the time of the final admission.

For further Details go to www.set-test.org

LSAT PATTERN & SYLLABUS

The LSAT—India is a test of high-level reading, informal reasoning, and deductive reasoning skills. These acquired critical thinking skills are essential to succeed in law college and in the practise of the law. The LSAT—India was developed specifically to be used by law colleges in India. It will be administered online across India.

LSAT—India Question Paper Syllabus: The LSAT—India assesses critical thinking skills with three types of multiple-choice questions, as follows:

Analytical Reasoning

These questions test deductive reasoning skills by requiring you to deduce what could or must be the case about a certain scenario, based on some rules and conditions.

Logical Reasoning

These questions evaluate your ability to understand, analyse, criticise, and complete a variety of arguments contained in short passages.

Reading Comprehension

These questions measure your ability to read, with understanding and insight, examples of lengthy and complex materials similar to those commonly encountered in law colleges.

LSAT—India Paper Pattern

Section Type Number of Questions Duration
Analytical Reasoning 23 35 minutes
Logical Reasoning (1) 22 35 minutes
Logical Reasoning (2) 23 35 minutes
Reading Comprehension 24 35 minutes
  ~92 Total 2 hours and 20 minutes Total

LSAT—India Scores

While you will receive credit for the correct answers, there is no negative marking or penalty for incorrect answers. Accordingly, be sure to save some time at the end of each section to fill answers to any unanswered questions.

You will receive a scaled score between 420 and 480, a score band, as well as a percentile rank.

LSAT registration : https://www.discoverlaw.in/register-for-the-test

LSAT Free Study Material: https://www.discoverlaw.in/prep-materials

Colleges accepting LSAT scores: https://www.discoverlaw.in/associated-law-college

MH-CET PATTERN & SYLLABUS

The government of Maharashtra will conduct the MH-CET law exam for admission to the 3-year and 5-year law program in the state of Maharashtra. DTE conducts the MH-CET law exam online. MH-CET was introduced in 2016 by the Directorate of Technical Education, Maharashtra as a common entrance test for students seeking admissions to various government law colleges in the state. Nearly 15,000 students write MH-CET (5-year Law) every year.

Eligibility criteria

For MAH LLB (5 Years)

Educational Qualifications: 10+2 passed/appearing
Minimum marks in qualifying exam

  • 45%in aggregate for Open, SEBC, and Economically Weaker Section (EWS) Category candidates and all India candidates.
  • 40%in aggregate for candidate belonging to SC and ST category from Maharashtra state.
  • 42%in aggregate for VJNT, SBC, OBC categories belonging to state of Maharashtra

MH-CET Law Exam Pattern

Exam mode Online
Language Marathi and English
Type of questions MCQs
Exam duration 2 hours
Extra time will be allotted to several PwD candidates (based on the kind of disability)
Total number of questions 150
Total marks 150
Marking scheme 1 mark for each correct answer
Negative marking No

MH-CET Law Exam Pattern: For Five-Year LLB

Section No. of Questions
English 30
Mathematical Aptitude 10
Logical &Analytical Reasoning 40
General Awareness with Current Affairs 30
Legal Aptitude and Legal Reasoning 40
Total 150

MH-CET Law Syllabus

Legal aptitude & Legal Reasoning
: Indianpolity, including Executive, Judiciary and Legislature, Law propositions with facts, the Constitution, etc.
General knowledge with Current Affairs
: Indian geography, current affairs, latest rules and amendments, etc.
Logical & Analytical Reasoning
: Reasoning by analogy, completing arguments, drawing well-supported conclusions, puzzles, blood relations, series, etc. 
English
: Vocabulary, synonyms &antonyms, analogies, idioms &phrases, sentence improvementand rearrangement, fill in the blanks, etc. 
Maths (Only for 5-year LLB)
: Speed &distance, profit &loss, time &work, Algebra, etc.

Some Good Colleges:

MH-CET LAW scores and ranks are accepted by colleges in Maharashtra, of which some of the top ones are:

  • Government Law College (GLC) - Mumbai
  • ILS Law College - Pune
  • SVKM's Pravin Gandhi College of Law - Mumbai
  • Rizvi Law College - Mumbai
  • Vivekanand Education Society's College of Law - Mumbai